The grappling art of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has proven its efficacy in self-defense, as the premier groundfighting discipline, as a good way to get into great shape, and as a basic foundation of an MMA game.
History of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Brazilian jiu-jitsu was formed from Kodokan Judo ground fighting fundamentals that were taught to Carlos Gracie by master Mitsuyo Maeda. BJJ became its own unique martial art though the experimentations, and practice of Carlos and Helio Gracie.
BJJ promotes the concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger assailant by using leverage and proper technique, taking the fight to the ground. A BJJ practitioner uses joint-locks and chokeholds to submit their opponent.
The Gracie family continued to develop the martial art throughout the 20th century by regularly taking part in Vale Tudo, or no rules, fighting. Though competition the art was refined so that all that remained had proven it’s self in the fire of combat.
Today BJJ is used in sport competition, such as the IBJJF, as a self defense system, and also as the foundation of military fighting systems such as the Modern Army Combative System.